As the minister noted, at the current moment, most of the enterprises of the Republic of Kazakhstan are characterized by insufficient technological and organizational base for a full transition to Industry 4.0.
According to the analysis, the deterrent factors for the implementation of the elements of Industry 4.0 are insufficient understanding by the business of the economic benefits from digitalization, the slow progress of domestic developments and competences in automation and digitalization, lack of qualified personnel, limited financial resources and infrastructure constraints.
To eliminate these barriers, taking into account international experience, appropriate systemic measures have been developed in the following areas: improvement of statutory regulation, development of digital infrastructure, own technologies and competencies in Industry 4.0 technologies, human capital, financial and other incentive measures.
Zh. Kassymbek spoke about the intention to create model digital factories in Kazakhstan, the National Competence Center of Industry 4.0, the Institute of Industrial Automation and Digitalization based on the existing infrastructure.
In addition, measures will be implemented to provide enterprises with personnel, financial resources and the necessary infrastructure.
According to the minister, in parallel with the development of systemic measures, work was carried out with large companies to implement specific initiatives in the field of digitalization. To date, system-forming companies (Kazzinc, ERG, ArcelorMittal, Kazakhmys) have formed plans and signed corresponding roadmaps with regional akims.
Today, 14 projects are being implemented at the existing manufactories of systemically important companies, including elements of Industry 4.0 with a total value of 140 billion tenge.
"In general, we expect that for only 14 projects, the total economic effect (GVA) for the period from 2018 to 2025 will be about 280 billion tenge," the reporter said.
As part of the digitization of transport and logistics, an intelligent transport system (ITS) is being created. One of the components of the system is special automated measuring devices (SAMD) installed on the main automobile transport corridors that provide non-contact weighing of vehicles on the move, monitoring and recording of intensity, excluding unjustified stops. In the current year, 10 SAMDs are planned to be launched, and by 2020 – about 46.
In addition, a set of technical solutions for automating the collection of tools for using roads is being created.
As it is known, this system successfully operates in the Astana-Schuchinsk section from 2013 and annual fees of 1.2 billion tenge fully cover the costs of maintaining this route. This year, work is underway to introduce a fee system in the areas Astana-Temirtau, Almaty-Kapshagay and Almaty-Khorgos.
Work is also being completed on designing a charging system at 13 sites with a total length of 5,500 km. In general, until 2020, it is planned to introduce pay for 16 road sections.
Also, within the ITS in the period from 2018 to 2022, the systems of traffic management, analysis and forecasting of climatic conditions, video monitoring and detection of traffic violations will be introduced in stages.
Another development in the field of road construction is the management system for road assets. The implementation of this system will allow, based on detailed data on the state of roads, to optimize the costs allocated for the maintenance and repair of roads. Since October 1 of this year, a phased introduction of the system modules into trial operation and integration with the Ministry's information systems has been carried out.
In the aviation sector, work is being carried out to introduce information systems for paperless workflow in the field of "E-freight", as well as to collect and process data on air passengers, which will replace the provision of 20 documents in paper form to electronic ones.
Within the framework of digitalization in the field of railway transport, the project "Automation of the forecast train schedule" is realized, the essence of which is the fulfillment of the train schedule with increasing accuracy and depth of planning from 45 days to 3 hours.
It is also planned to implement two more projects between 2018 and 2020 – Digital Path Diagnostics and Multimodal Transport Management.
In general, the social and economic effect expected from the implementation of these systems, by 2025, will be about 496 billion tenge.
The introduction of these systems will allow to cover the expenses for the maintenance of the republican network of highways, to cover the main automobile transport corridors with measuring means, to replace paper documents by electronic ones with the transportation of goods and to diagnose 18 thousand km of roads.
The Chairman of the Supervisory Board of ERG, Aldiyar Kaztayev, and the General Director of Kazzinc LLP, Alexander Khmelev, also spoke on this issue.
Deputy Prime Minister, Askar Zhumagaliyev, noted that in the short term it will be possible to see results in the digitization of the transport sector.
"We have worked out an action plan, which will be incorporated into the program 'Digital Kazakhstan'. We will actively work in this direction, and demonstrate the relevant elements of efficiency. All trends and measures will be taken into account in the program 'Digital Kazakhstan', which tomorrow is supposed to be submitted to the Ministry of Information and Communications in the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan," the Deputy Prime Minister said.
Following the discussion, Prime Minister Bakytzhan Sagintayev drew attention to two aspects. First, it is necessary to engage in basic training of personnel for domestic companies. Secondly, to control the issues of the release of employees in the implementation of digitalization in the regions, if necessary, to develop road maps for their involvement in other areas.
Deputy Prime Minister Askar Zhumagaliyev was instructed to keep these issues under daily control.