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Results of sociological research on Ruhani Zhangyru were presented

29 November 2017, 15:30

On the eve of the Day of the First President of Kazakhstan, in Astana, the public was presented with the results of two complex sociological studies on the blocks “N. A. Nazarbayev — Modernization of Public Consciousness” and “N. A. Nazarbayev — Eurasian Integration Processes: Modernization Prospects”, conducted by the Institute of Eurasian Integration in 2017.

The event was attended by representatives of the Administration of the President of Kazakhstan, departments of the internal policy of the regions, the scientific, expert and sociological community, and the staff of the Ruhani Zhangyru project offices.

The research used a set of quantitative and qualitative methods, including: a massive questionnaire survey of the population based on a representative sample of 2000 people in each survey (urban and rural residents from 14 regions and cities of Astana and Almaty), focus group discussions, interviews, content analysis of the media and social media. This approach helped consider the modernization processes in various spheres of public life as broadly and objectively as possible.

Director of the Institute of Eurasian Integration (IEI), Gani Nygymetov noted that the presentation of research results is symbolic in the run-up to the Day of the First President, since the issues of the Third Modernization and Modernization of Public Consciousness are inextricably linked with the strategic course of the Head of State.

"The conducted research shows that 90% of the population and 96% of experts consider N. Nazarbayev as the main guarantor of interethnic peace and harmony, that is, the custodian of one of the main values ​​of the people of Kazakhstan. Thus, a high level of trust in the Head of State is a milestone in the successful promotion of modernization processes," Gani Nygymetov said.

According to him, the important moment for reaching a public consensus on strategic issues of the country's development is the presence in the society of mass support for state-led reforms.

"The success of the reforms already carried out during the First and Second Modernizations has led to a high level of public confidence in the initiatives and ideas of the Head of State to transform the country's social reality. This creates a favorable background of confidence in the policies pursued by the state. The results of the poll show that today, in general, 89.6% of the polled Kazakhstanis support the state policy pursued in the country," the director of the institute said.

In the course of the poll, it was important to understand the extent to which Kazakhstanis understood the concept of modernization of public conscience, enshrined in the article "Looking into the Future: Modernizing Public Consciousness". The main part of the respondents sees in this program the possibility of qualitative growth of the nation's human capital. Including 27% of respondents interpret the modernization of public consciousness as a change in the thinking of citizens in accordance with the conditions of the current era, another 27% — as a factor to increase the level of competitiveness of people, especially young people, 18% — as a basis for qualitative improvement of citizens' education. Another 15% understand the modernization of public consciousness as the opportunity to expand their knowledge about the history and culture of Kazakhstan.

As the results of sociological research have shown, the society of Kazakhstan as a whole actively supports the modernization course: about a third considers it necessary for the development of the country (31.8%); another quarter of respondents expects that the life of Kazakhstanis will improve after the implementation of the Third Modernization.

Most experts (57.1%) who participated in the survey support the idea of ​​modernizing public consciousness, believing that it is necessary for the country's further development. One third of respondents (34.7%) believe that modernization is necessary, but only if the actual problems of the population are solved.

The expert community recognizes the important role of the national intelligentsia in the further development of modernization ideas, as well as in the clarification and translation of key meanings and ideas. As the driving force, the driver of reforms, the surveyed experts first of all see the scientific intelligentsia (57%). The information elite as a driving force of modernization is seen by 43% of experts, public figures and human rights activists — 39%, creative intelligentsia — 33%.

In the context of the further development of modernization processes, the question "What should Kazakhstan strive for in its development?" was answered by 41.8% with "become a truly democratic state"; by 34.6% of respondents "become an industrially developed country". Among the answers it was noted "to become a country with favorable conditions for life and self-realization of a person" (28.2%); "The leader in Central Asia (26.3%); "A strong state with military power" (20.6%); "A country of social justice and well-being" (20.2%).

Experts predict the creative role of traditional values ​​in the process of modernization of public consciousness: most experts (70%) believe that traditional values ​​will contribute to the growth of the values ​​of education, labor, competitiveness, pragmatism in society.

In the speech of the deputy director of the IEI, Natalia Kalashnikova, the results of a sociological study on the key block on the topic "N. A. Nazarbayev – Eurasian Integration Processes: Modernization Prospects". In her speech, she noted that a characteristic feature of the foreign policy of Kazakhstan is the tendency to integrate into world politics, the economy, global initiatives of the world order, which have become an example for many countries. N. Nazarbayev's pragmatism sees the exceptional need for integration of the countries of the Eurasian space, and the dynamic development of the Eurasian integration processes confirmed his strategic foresight.

According to the results of the survey of the population of Kazakhstan, 87.3% of respondents believe that the foreign policy of the state is developing in the right direction. Only 6.5% of respondents do not agree with this statement.

The absolute majority of the respondents expressed their approval of the participation of Kazakhstan in the EAEU — 86.0%. Only 6.5% share the opposite point of view. 3% of respondents said that they do not know anything about the Eurasian Economic Union.

On the foreign policy of Kazakhstan, on the whole, the opinions of the participants in the mass poll and experts coincide. Support for the course was confirmed by 96% of experts.

All experts, except those who found it difficult to answer, are unanimous in approving Kazakhstan's participation in the Eurasian Economic Union. In particular, they approve Kazakhstan's participation in the EAEU – 82%, 16% – rather yes, 2% of respondents answered “NO”.

According to the research, the majority of the respondents tend to consider the countries of the Eurasian Economic Union (43.1%), China (32.7%) and Europe (32.3%) as the most desirable area of ​​cooperation for Kazakhstan.

The data of the IEI studies are confirmed by a number of studies and other sociological centers.

The constructive meaning of the President's Eurasian integration idea is, first of all, the mutual enrichment of the peoples and countries of the Eurasian space with joint achievements in the socio-economic and socio-political spheres, mutual understanding, tolerance and good-neighborliness as the most important legacy of Eurasianism. These values ​​are already in demand and inevitably have great prospects for the future.

As the results of the research showed, Kazakhstan's sovereignty and independence (49.3%), national security (41.2%), national unity (39.2%), human and civil rights and freedoms (37.0%) and sustained economic growth (35.8%) are among five the most important social and political values of Kazakhstanis. This creates a solid basis for successful reformations.

Thus, N. Kalashnikova summed up, the dynamically developing foreign policy of Kazakhstan is aimed at modernizing Eurasian integration, strengthening the Eurasian Economic Union.

Director of KISS (Kazakhstan Institute for Strategic Surveys) under the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Zarema Shaukenova noted the value of the material presented on the eve of the Day of the First President. The speaker noted that it was the leader of the nation who set the value orientations and integration initiatives, which, according to polls, are widely supported by the population.

Director of the Kazakhstan branch of the Lomonosov Moscow State University, Alexander Sidorovich noted that "the data submitted by the Institute for Economic Research are valuable material for internal use. However, data on the EAEU should also be made public in the Russian Federation, since the trends identified among Kazakhstanis, their hopes and vision of the future of the EAEU can serve as a unique example and subject to close scrutiny."

Julia Kuchinskaya, director of the Center for Political Analysis and Strategic Studies of the Nur Otan Party, stressed the theoretical and practical significance of the publication of the Institute's research. She also added that the results of the IEI confirm that the President of the country is the first guarantor of stability, peace and progress in the country for the population.

The importance of the presented measurements was also emphasized by Nursulu Shaimerdenova, member of the Scientific and Expert Council of the Assembly of the People of Kazakhstan. In her opinion, the IEI presents a wide range of data, each of which needs detailed understanding and elaboration by both the scientific and expert community of Kazakhstan and directly by state bodies, including in the regions to which the corresponding package of all research materials has been transferred in the context of regions and cities of the country.

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