Birzhan Nurymbetov was born March 19, 1968, in the Zhambyl region.
He graduated from Al-Farabi Kazakh State National University, Almaty Academy of Economics and Statistics.
In 1993-1996, he worked as a tax inspector, head of the tax inspection department of Zhambyl.
In 1996, he was an adviser to the first deputy akim of the Zhambyl region.
In 1997, he was head of the sector at the Administration of the Akim of Zhambyl region.
In 1997-2008, he was director of the Zhambyl Regional Branch of the State Employment Center “Pension Payment Center.”
In 2008-2009, he served as chairman of the Committee for Control and Social Protection of the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection of the Population.
In 2009-2012, he was vice minister of labor and social protection of the population of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
In 2012–2015, he was deputy head of the Office of the Prime Minister of Kazakhstan.
In 2015–2017, he was vice minister of healthcare and social development of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
In 2017, he was vice minister of labor and social protection of the population of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
In 2017–2019, he worked as first deputy chairman of the Federation of Trade Unions of the Republic of Kazakhstan.