Minister of Labor and Social Protection of the Population, Madina Abylkassymova, outlined in her report the main priority of the department's work in 2018 — the emphasis will be placed on the implementation of the instruction of the Head of State to formalize the self-employed population.
Firstly, the draft law on the legalization of the activities of the informal and self-employed will be prepared, within the framework of which a mandatory simplified registration of the activities of the self-employed will be introduced.
"Tax incentives for the self-employed to come out of the ‘shadow’ and simplification of tax administration will be provided. A single concept of ‘self-employed population’ in all laws and NGOs will be defined in accordance with best international practice," Madina Abylkassymova said.
Secondly, the Roadmap will be implemented to formalize and involve the informal population in the economy of the country and, accordingly, into the system of compulsory social health insurance.
Thirdly, the training and involvement of the self-employed population in productive labor will be ensured. As a result, full preparation for the CSHI introduction will be provided this year.
The next priority in the ministry's work is the development of skills for the new digital economy and the creation of quality jobs.
Updating of professional standards and corresponding educational programs will be carried out, together with enterprises, Roadmaps on management of flows of labor resources between branches of the economy will be realized. The Program for Productive Employment and the Development of Mass Entrepreneurship will also continue. For its implementation in 2018, 87 billion tenge was pledged, it is planned to cover 571 thousand people.
In addition, measures will be taken to stimulate the attraction of foreign labor in new promising sectors of the economy.
Madina Abylkassymova also noted that in 2018, special attention will be paid to the digitalization of the social and labor sphere.
"Since January 1 of this year, the electronic labor exchange has been operating all over the country. More than 200 employment services are already connected to it, including private employment agencies and Internet sites. We are planning this year to double the number of people employed in this electronic labor exchange," Madina Abylkassymova reported.
Further development will be ensured through three projects: the electronic labor exchange, the e-HR system (electronic labor contracts and books), the electronic portal of social services.
Minister of Education Yerlan Sagadiyev noted in his report that in accordance with the instructions of the Head of State for 2018 given at the extended meeting of the Government, measures will be taken for the early study of computer science at schools.
"For example, if in 2007 computer science was introduced at schools in seventh grade, then in 2014 — in the fifth. In 2018, it is taught in the third grade," Yerlan Sagadiyev reported.
In addition, in 2018, the Ministry of Education and Science plans to proceed with the total automation of public services in education: from automatic enrollment in a kindergarten to the confirmation of PhD.
This year, a pilot project “Digital Education" will be launched in the cities of Pavlodar and Shymkent, which assumes a one hundred percent transition to paperless reporting.
In addition, the Single Information System of Science of Kazakhstan will be developed.
Vice Minister of Healthcare Alexei Tsoy in his turn noted that in the healthcare sector the priority direction in 2018 will also be digitalization of the industry.
According to Alexei Tsoy, in the Karaganda, Akmola, Kostanay, West Kazakhstan regions, a pilot on paperless conduct of medical documentation began on 1 January.
To achieve the target model and ensure the implementation of CHSI in the shortest time, the MH RK proposes the following plan for the transition to paperless healthcare:
On 1 April, 2018 to switch to paperless healthcare in the health organizations of South Kazakhstan, Mangystau and Pavlodar regions and Almaty;
On 1 July — in Zhambyl, North-Kazakhstan, Kyzylorda and Atyrau regions;
On 1 October — in Astana, Almaty, Aktobe and East Kazakhstan regions.
The Vice Minister announced the expected effect of the measures taken. Thanks to the integration of MISs (medical information systems) with the electronic health passport, doctors will have a full picture of their health status, the queues in clinics will be reduced through preliminary online registration, and the number of visits to the district doctor will be reduced from three to one. Patients will be able to receive consultations, prescriptions from the doctor, hospital sheets, the results of the conducted studies, without leaving home.
"This is especially important for people in remote rural areas. Patients will begin to actively participate in the protection of their own health through online health monitoring," said Vice Minister of Healthcare Alexei Tsoy.
In addition, according to the projected estimates of the Ministry of Healthcare, based on the pilot project of the Karaganda region, the following economic effect is expected on a national scale: direct efficiency is about 9.5 billion tenge per year, indirect efficiency is about 50 billion tenge per year.
Minister of Information and Communications Dauren Abayev in his speech reported on plans for building out information and explanatory work.
"The explanatory work in the field of digitalization will be carried out within the framework of a special developed information strategy and the Single Republican Media Plan for 2018. We evaluated the PR potential of all events, identified the main target groups and key messages, selected the optimal channels of communication," Dauren Abayev said.
In total, until the end of 2018, about 1500 different information products will be produced with an audience of about 10 million people. In addition, an algorithm for informational interaction between state bodies in the field of digitalization has been developed. A project office has been created on the basis of Zerde Holding. By 2021, the MIC RK plans to provide 1249 villages with high-speed Internet. About 2.5 million people live in the coverage zone.
In terms of training specialists in the field of digitalization, the Ministry conducted training seminars for employees of all state bodies, which are in digitalization offices. A timetable for their training was developed on the basis of the Academy of State Administration under the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Nazarbayev University and Zerde Holding with the involvement of international companies such as Oracle, IBM, Microsoft.
In addition, courses will be conducted for the development of skills for teachers on educational programs, which provide competence for the use of ICT. It is also planned to open competence centers in the country's universities and ICT departments at enterprises.