The goal of the state program is to integrate the country's macroregions by building an efficient infrastructure. The program envisages the construction and reconstruction of more than 7 thousand kilometers of republican roads and the repair of more than 10 thousand kilometers.
According to the Ministry of Industry and Infrastructure Development, in 2018, within the framework of this program, 24 projects for the construction and reconstruction of highways of republican significance with a total length of 4.6 thousand km were carried out.
According to the 2018 results on construction and reconstruction projects, traffic at 528 km was opened.
Toll Roads as a Tool to Ensure Safe and Comfortable Travel
In 2018, work was completed on the construction of a toll collection system in the Astana-Temirtau, Almaty-Kapshagay and Almaty-Khorgos sections, with a total length of 471 km, and the transition to a test mode was carried out.
At present, on these sites, the system is being set up and tested for continued smooth operation. Collection of funds for travel on these sites is scheduled to begin in the late January 2019. The money received from charging will be used solely for its maintenance.
It should be noted that in accordance with the Law “On Automobile Roads,” the fare on motor roads is introduced when the condition of increased quality of travel is met, ensuring a high, safe speed of traffic throughout their length.
In general, the introduction of toll payments on the roads will reduce the burden on the republican budget and maintain the proper quality of the reconstructed roads, as well as ensure comfortable and safe travel.
ldWithin the framework of Nurly Zhol, it is planned to buid 6.5 thousand km of toll roads by 2020.
Nurly Zhol’s Main Projects
The state program is aimed at creating a single economic market of Kazakhstan through the formation of macro-regions of the country with the definition of the cities of Astana, Almaty, Aktobe, Shymkent, Ust-Kamenogorsk as a hub city of national and international level with modern infrastructure the system. We note the program’s several main projects.
So, according to the Kandyagash – Makat project in 2018, work was carried out at four sites. Twenty-four km of the lower covering layer was completed.
According to the Zhetybai – Zhanaozen project, work was carried out at two sites. As a result, 17 km of the upper coating layer was laid and 81 km of the lower coating layer was arranged in one direction.
As part of the Western Europe – Western China project, a tunnel is being built in the Turkestan region. Works on concreting the tunnel 445 m (left 340 m and right 105 m) and drilling 780 m (left 350 m and right 430 m) were completed.
Also in 2018, work on the procurement of building materials and the roadbed was carried out on the Kurty – Burybaytal site.
In the Uzynagash – Otar project, preparatory work has begun on two sites.
In August 2018, the Kuryk port launched a car ferry terminal, built during the second phase of the port development.
The capacity of the ferry terminal today is more than 2 million tons. The ferry terminal has the ability to handle two ferries simultaneously. The terminal contains checkpoints and inspection of vehicles with a radiation monitoring system, passenger checkpoints. The water area of the port from the west and east is enclosed by protective hydraulic structures. Navigation support for navigation of vessels in the port water area and at the approaches to it is provided by the vessel traffic control system. A car access road was built to the port, which made it possible to connect it to the republican road network.
The port has organized the procedure for processing cargo documents on the principle of "one window" and provided a preliminary exchange of information with the port of Baku; on average, it takes no more than four hours to process one ferry. By the end of 2019, the ministry plans to complete the automation of production processes and integrate the port information system with the Nomad control system.
According to the ministry, for the 11 months of 2018, 4.5 million tons were handled through the seaport of Aktau, which is 25% higher than the same period in 2017. At the same time, through the three new dry cargo terminals of the port of Aktau from the beginning of their operation until Dec. 1, 2018, 2.7 million tons of cargo were handled.
Also in 2016, the construction of the railway ferry terminal of the port of Kuryk with a capacity of 4 million tons was completed and in 2018 the automobile ferry terminal, built as part of the second phase of the development of the port of Kuryk, was launched. Since the start of operation of the Kuryk ferry complex, about 3 million tons of cargo or more than 43 thousand cars and 2 thousand wheeled vehicles have been transshipped.
In general, the implementation of the above projects has increased the capacity of the seaports of Aktau and Kuryk to 26 million tons.
Modernization of Heat, Water Supply and Sanitation Networks
Today, most of the objects of housing and communal services are used with an excess of service life. Basically, it is a network of heat, water and wastewater.
In order to carry out an accelerated modernization of housing and public utilities, budget crediting and subsidies are provided for under the Nurly Zhol State Program.
The main indicators in the implementation of measures for the modernization of housing and public utilities is to reduce the wear of the networks of heat and water supply, water disposal from 65% in 2015 to 57% by 2020 and to improve the quality of services provided to consumers.
Thus, the plan is to build and reconstruct 3,478.6 km of heat, water and wastewater networks, 29 boiler houses and 95 other objects.
In general, during the implementation of the program from 2015 to 2018, 2,982 km of heat, water supply and drainage networks, 24 boiler houses, 71 units were built and reconstructed. As a result of the measures taken, the wear of networks from 2015 decreased from 65% to 57%.
Creation of New Jobs
Implementation of projects in the field of water transport, including the construction of three new dry cargo terminals in the port of Aktau, the construction of a ferry complex in the port of Kuryk, the acquisition of 2 dry cargo vessels and the purchase of 6 units of vessels of the state technical fleet, created about 450 new jobs.
Over the years of the program, more than 100,000 jobs have been created in the field of road projects. In the direction of modernization of the systems of heat, water supply and sanitation for the period from 2015-2018, 7640 temporary and 472 permanent jobs were created.
Stay in touch with the news of the Prime Minister and the Government of Kazakhstan — follow the official Telegram channel