Head of the Coalition for the Green Economy and G-Global development, a member of the Green Economy Council under the President, Chairman of the Ecology Commission of the Public Council under the Ministry of Energy, Doctor of Economics, Saltanat Rakhimbekova, spoke on how green economy is developing in Kazakhstan, and what is being done to encourage business to switch to RES.
— Saltanat Temirkulovna, tell us how is the green economy developing in Kazakhstan?
— Since the adoption of the concept of transition to the green economy in 2013 by the decree of the Head of State, Kazakhstan has literally "turned green" in mental, legislative, and commercial aspects. On the concept, about 150 tasks have been set, and today we can say that about 40 figures that have been set, they are being achieved. For example, in 2013, the share of RES in the overall energy balance was somewhere at 0.5%, now it is more than 1%. In 2020, the share of RES should be 3%. And in 2050 — 50%. Therefore, there should be large-scale measures to achieve such an important indicator for the country's transition to a green economy.
The Coalition for the Green Economy and G-Global Development is one of the leading green NGOs today, which helps to raise the understanding of the "green economy." We work to involve young people, business, inventors, innovators, scientists in the green economy projects.
In the adopted Concept of the transition to a green economy (unlike all CIS countries, Kazakhstan adopted this important document), directions have been laid for developing green projects, green business on a commercial basis.
— How much money is spent by the Coalition to promote the "green theme?" What is the activity of the business in this direction and what are your tools in attracting them?
— When we created the Coalition, it became a provider of a strategic document, we are proud that we could involve the public of the country in this document. Regarding resources. Of course, we are turning to international donors, for example, this is the UN development program, which over the years helped install solar collectors, panels, pyrolysis ovens, replace energy-efficient windows, LED lighting in classrooms, etc., at 100 social facilities. Also, the European Union, the Adenauer Foundation, the OSCE help us. In general, our projects are supported by financial international organizations and domestic business.
— What stage are you at with the implementation of the Concept on the transition of Kazakhstan to the green economy until 2020? What major tasks have been accomplished?
— Today, our country is the fifth in the world, which has silicon and can develop silicon production, i.e. solar panels, collectors. The waste utilization program until 2040 have also been adopted. Kazakhstan scientists began to engage in more scale projects related to energy, green technologies, pure chemistry, organic, energy saving, energy efficiency, and, of course, an increase in the share of renewable energy in general. And by the way, the scientists who are engaged in this direction are younger, this is also a good capital of our country, which accumulates in the framework of the implementation of the Concept of the transition of our country to a green economy.
— What is the purpose of the Green Bridge Partnership Development Program? What will citizens receive from its implementation?
— The GBPP is a specific program aimed at ensuring that countries see the effect, the benefit of the green economy, and switch to it. The basis of this document is the transfer of technology, i.e. developed countries transfer their technologies to developing countries, this is one of the postulates of the important document. The program gives people the right to live in a clean ecological environment, teaches people to be more careful about resources, air, water, land, etc. This is the philosophy of transition to a green economy.
— What is the special significance of the International Center for Green Technologies, which will be located on the territory of Expo-2017?
— This is a logical continuation of the initiatives of the Head of our State. On the territory of Expo-2017, it was proposed to build an International Center for Green Technologies under the aegis of the United Nations - a great initiative, and we are now working to ensure the implementation of this initiative. This will be one of the most beautiful post-Expo projects, where interesting events, symposiums, forums, etc. dedicated to the development of the green economy will be held.
— You are the Head of EXPO and WOMEN, how is the preparation for the exhibition in Dubai-2020 going? What does the declared subject matter mean and what will Kazakhstan present?
— The Kazakhstani women's community is now actively, creatively, beautifully working before the 2019 exhibition in Beijing. The theme there is connected with gardening. We have five amazing gardens in the country, and we want to show the results of our botanical gardens. We plan to hold a forum where we will show our achievements in agriculture, in organic farming, etc. We have something to show and demonstrate, our task, accordingly, is to attract investments to our country. In Dubai-2020, the theme is "Connect the minds — create the future," i.e., the theme is connected with urbanization, energy efficiency of cities, etc. And in this theme we saw the opportunity for us, the women's community, to show our achievements. At all the future Expos we will promote the achievements of our country, achievements in the green economy, the achievements of our women in all areas and spheres.
— Thanks for the interview.