As Raimkulova noted, the country’s language policy is carried out in accordance with the law “On Languages in the Republic of Kazakhstan” and the State Program for the Functioning and Development of Languages for 2011–2019.
In order to fulfill the instructions sounded in the Head of State’s article “Looking into the Future: Modernizing Public Consciousness,” the state program was supplemented with tasks to clarify the phased transition of the Kazakh language to the Latin script, improve spelling, and ensure accessibility to the public. The program provides for the achievement of 9 indicators and 12 effective factors.
To date, a number of activities have been implemented under the State Program. In the country, active training of civil servants in three languages is organized. In accordance with the Agreement of Understanding between the Academy of Public Administration under the President of Kazakhstan and the Ministry of Education and Science, 558 people took language courses from central executive bodies in 2018 (in 2017 — 610 people). In order to preserve the linguistic capital of Kazakhstan in 2018, the state provided support for the study of the native language of 26 ethnic groups (in 2017 — 225).
In total, the country has one state and 88 regional national centers for language studies. Training centers organize language courses in accordance with the law "On Language." More than 42 thousand people studied in the training centers in the first half of 2018. In 7 months of 2018, 52,245 people including 20,057 civil servants assessed their knowledge of the Kazakh language through the KazTest system.
“According to the results of 9 months 2018, the share of total document circulation in the state language was 93%. Of these, 91% are in central executive bodies, 95% are in local executive bodies and 46% are in national companies,” reported Raimkulova.
In order to expand the scope of the state language use in the country, the following sites operate: Tilalemi.kz portal, Atau.kz onomastic base, Emle.kz orthographic base, Termincom.kz base, Tilmedia.kz trilingual website, Balatili.kz children's website and Qujat.kz website, where you can find Kazakh-language examples of documents from all industries and examples of their correct filling.
Also, according to Raimkulova, the Ministry of Culture and Sports conducted a monitoring of the terms approved today. Of the 21 thousand approved terms, 40.8% are own, 59.2% are borrowed and mixed.
In order to preserve the purity of the Kazakh language and translate it into a scientific language, work began on determining the terminology principles and the main tasks of applied terminology. Under the Government of Kazakhstan, the Republican Terminology Commission that approves the terms was established.
Raimkulova noted that the Kazakh versions of a number of terms that came from foreign languages were revised, this work will continue. In addition, work is underway on onomastics. In the first half of 2018, 726 proposals of central and local executive bodies were considered, and positive conclusions were given on a number of proposals.
In turn, the Minister of Education and Science Yerlan Sagadiyev reported on the ongoing work on the indicator "The Proportion of School Graduates who have Mastered the State Language at B1 Level." Thus, the Program provides for an increase in the share of school graduates who have mastered the state language at the B1 level in 2018 to 90%.
In accordance with a special order of the Ministry of Education and Science, 11th grade students must pass a written exam in their native language and literature when passing state final examinations. In schools where instruction takes place in Russian, Uzbek, Uygur, and Tajik, testing for knowledge of the Kazakh language takes place. It should be noted that the grade “4” in the Kazakh language corresponds to the B1 level of mastering the language, and “5” — to the level of mastering the language at B2.
In 2018, more than 45 thousand graduates received grades "4" and "5" — which is 90%. Thus, according to the information of the Ministry of Education and Science, the indicator has been fulfilled.
Also, Sagadiyev reported on training the future teachers of the Kazakh language as part of the state educational order. In the 2018/19 academic year in the specialty "Kazakh Language and Literature," the state order was issued for 596 places, including 405 for bachelor's degree, 180 for master's degree, and two doctoral studies.
In addition, to date, work is underway to introduce the standard practice of continuous education of the state language in the Kindergarten – School – College system.
Also during the meeting, akims of the Atyrau region N. Nogayev, Pavlodar — B. Bakauov, West Kazakhstan region — A. Kulginov, Deputy Akim of the Mangystau region Sh. Ilmukhanbetov, and Deputy Akim Almaty city A. Madiyev.
Summing up the consideration of the issue, the Prime Minister noted that in general the number of training centers depends on demand. Thus, if the local executive bodies allocate social benefits for training, then entrepreneurs will be interested, there will be more training centers. Moreover, it was indicated that the main goal of the Program is to increase the number of people who speak the state language.
According to the ministers, the implementation of the State Program for the Development and Functioning of Languages is carried out within the framework of the planned activities. Given that the state program’s activities will soon be completed, the Ministry of Culture and Sports, together with interested government agencies, has been tasked with working out the issue of developing a draft State Program for the Development of Languages for 2020–2024.
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