Nurzhan Altayev was born in 1978 in the South Kazakhstan region. In 2004, he graduated from the South Kazakhstan State University after M. Auezov, in 2012 — Academic Innovation University. He has a degree in law, economics.
He started his career in 2002. In 2005-2012 he held various positions in state bodies, worked in national companies. In 2012-2014, he headed the Entrepreneurs Service Center, the Chamber of Entrepreneurs of the South-Kazakhstan region.
From March 2014 to the present, he worked as Deputy Chairman of the Board of the Atameken National Chamber of Entrepreneurs of Kazakhstan.