Thursday, 11 March 2021, 13:09:26
At the government session chaired by Prime Minister Askar Mamin, systemic issues of the development of the education sector were considered. Minister of Education and Science Askhat Aimagambetov presented his report regarding the issue.
So, according to Aimagambetov, the issue of coverage of children with preschool education and training remains topical. To date, the coverage of children aged 2 to 6 years is 71.2%, from 3 to 6 years old — 98.7%. By 2025, coverage of children from 2 to 6 years old will reach 95%, from 3-6 to 100%.
It is planned to further develop a network of private kindergartens. Also, the ministry plans to introduce voucher financing and alternative forms of preschool education organizations.
“In pursuance of the instructions of the Head of State, a new model of preschool education has been developed. The implementation of the model will begin in the new academic year. For this, the state standard will be changed based on the principle of ‘learning through play.’ Also, the new model provides for close work with parents to involve them in the upbringing and development of children,” said the head of the Ministry of Education and Science.
On behalf of the Head of State, special attention will be paid to such priority subjects as mathematics, languages and computer science.
Also, the country provides for a phased transition to 12-year education.
To improve the quality of textbooks, for the first time, examination and testing of standard curricula will be provided. Also, uniform requirements for the structure and content of textbooks will be approved. Advanced training courses for experts will be organized, and a base of experts will be formed.
Knowledge recovery measures will continue, with a focus on students with low academic performance. It is planned to launch a national program of vacation decades and summer schools for students with low learning outcomes.
In addition, work will continue to identify and develop gifted children.
To provide a wide range of opportunities in obtaining additional education, it is planned to place a state order for additional education.
By 2025, conditions for sports will be created in all schools. The issue of providing additional payments to physical education teachers for carrying out extracurricular activities and circles will also be worked out.
Working conditions for teachers have been improved within the framework of the Law “On the Status of a Teacher”. Measures have been taken to free them from engaging in unusual functions and unforeseen reports, that is, teachers must fill out only 2 documents — an electronic journal and a lesson plan. Moreover, councils are being introduced to protect the rights of teachers.
By 2024, teachers' salaries will double. All this will make it possible to fully staff the schools with personnel.
In order to improve the level of training of pedagogues, the requirements for admission to higher educational institutions have been tightened. From 2021, graduates of pedagogical specialties will be certified for professional excellence.
“The threshold score has been increased from 50 to 75 points. The amount of the scholarship was increased to 42 thousand tenge for future teachers. Graduates who graduated from school with a gold medal will receive an incentive to enroll in pedagogical specialties,” the minister of education added.
One of the important areas is the development of infrastructure. Today there are 34 emergency schools and 137 three-shift schools in the country.
According to forecasts, by 2025 the deficit of places will be about 670 thousand. To solve this problem, it is planned to build 800 new schools. Already this year, 200 new schools will be commissioned within the framework of the envisaged funds from the budget.
Over the past two years, 126 private schools for 41 thousand student places have opened in the country. The minister noted that this is a record number of private schools that have opened over the past 10 years.
At present, the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan, together with the akimats, is drawing up Road maps for the construction of 800 schools. For this, 4 mechanisms will be used — the use of public-private partnerships, the development of a network of private schools, targeted construction from the state budget, the construction of schools from modular structures.
Also in the republic it is planned to modernize 5,000 schools. The modernization program includes such tasks as ensuring safe and comfortable conditions for children, providing high-speed Internet, subject classrooms, updating school furniture, modernizing school libraries and canteens, and conducting major and comprehensive maintenance. This year, this work will be carried out in 1,000 schools.
Work will continue to create conditions for inclusive education. Work will be carried out to update the standards for the activities of organizations for children with special needs at the rate of 1 psychological, medical and pedagogical consultation per 50 thousand of the child population.
“In the field of technical and vocational education, all young people will have the opportunity to study free of charge in colleges in demanded specialties. Since 2017, coverage of free TVE has increased to 60.5%. At the same time, annually more than 50% of 11th grade graduates enter paid education. By 2025, together with local executive bodies, a phased transition to 100% coverage of youth is planned,” Askhat Aimagambetov added.
Work is underway to introduce academic independence in colleges. At the legislative level, the rule on the establishment of the terms of study in colleges by the authorized body has been excluded. It is planned to reduce the duration of training from 3.6 to 2 years on the basis of the 9th grade and from 2.6 to 1.5 years on the basis of the 11th grade.
Colleges will regulate the terms of study independently and will be able to sell their own products.
This year, the modernization of the infrastructure of 180 colleges is being completed within the framework of the Zhas Maman project.
As a result of the project, at least 7 modern colleges with a developed material and technical base, new curricula and programs will operate in each region.
The trust management of colleges without the right of redemption is developing together with the local bodies. A recommended list of criteria for the selection of trustees and colleges has been developed.
In higher education, the task is to update educational programs 100% based on professional standards. By 2025, the share of innovative programs will be 20%.
One of the indicators of the effectiveness of higher education is the representation of universities in world rankings.
By 2025, the number of Kazakhstani universities noted in the QS WUR rating will increase to 15.
By 2025, it is planned to open campuses of 5 leading foreign universities in the republic. In general, this will reduce the outflow of talented youth.
To provide students with places in hostels, 75 hostels for 20 thousand places were introduced in 2020. By 2025, at least 50 thousand new places will be commissioned.
To expand access to higher education, the number of grants will increase by 50% until 2025. Grants for training will be allocated only to areas in demand. Different types of grants will be introduced.
On behalf of the Head of State, this academic year the amount of scholarships for students has been increased by 25%, for doctoral students — by 83%. In the next five years, scholarships for students will increase by 2 times, for undergraduates and doctoral students — by 1.5 times.
“Based on the experience of Nazarbayev University, 2 advanced universities will be created, which will become points of growth for the development of innovations and breakthrough technologies, the formation of advanced research centers. We started this work in the cities of Petropavlovsk and Shymkent,” he said.
Also, centers of academic excellence will be created on the basis of the 20 most competitive universities in the country. For these purposes, 80 billion tenge is provided. According to certain criteria, 15 strong regional universities and 5 strong pedagogical universities will be selected.
As a result of the implementation of measures to improve the quality of education by 2025, it is expected to achieve:
- 100% coverage of children from 3 to 6 years of age with preschool education and training;
- elimination of 3-shift training;
- improvement of the results of 15-year-old students in the international PISA study by 40 points;
- 15 universities entered the QS ranking;
- decrease in the proportion of young people in the NEET category
Akim Archimed Mukhambetov reported on the development of the education system in Kostanay region.
So, according to him, at the moment there are 815 educational organizations functioning in the region, including 500 schools (489 state general education schools, 5 evening schools, 6 private).
By 2025, it is planned to modernize 407 rural schools. This year, more than 5.1 billion tenge was allocated for the modernization of rural schools in the region, including the modernization of 82 rural schools worth more than 3 billion tenge, capital and current repairs are planned in 37 schools.
It also provides for the renewal of student furniture in 82 schools in the amount of 165.9 million tenge, the acquisition of 15 subject rooms for 140.3 million tenge, the modernization of 50 school libraries and 5 school canteens, as well as the installation of turnstiles in 41 schools, and the creation of conditions for inclusive education. for 24 rural schools, as well as the purchase of 18 vehicles.
“In addition, in order to prevent the shortage of student places until 2025, it is planned to build 13 schools, including 4 modular instead of adobe and reed ones. Thus, the issue of modernization of rural schools is under special control,” the akim of Kostanay region said.