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Government session: Approaches to support SMEs and develop rural areas created and a list of new laws defined

Thursday, 07 November 2019, 17:28:27

At the Government session held Nov. 6, 2019, the results of the implementation of the Business Road Map 2020 State Program were reviewed and new approaches to supporting business within the framework of the new 2025 Road Map were approved. The agenda also included the issues related to the implementation of the Aul – El Besigi project, as well as the Government's Legislative Work Plan for 2020. On the sidelines of the Government, media representatives received answers to their questions these topics.

 

State Program “Business Roadmap 2020”: Implementation Results

During the consideration of the first question, the Prime Minister Askar Mamin was informed that over the years of the implementation of the Business Road Map 2020, the share of small and medium-sized businesses in the gross domestic product increased to 28.4%, whereas in 2015, this figure was 24.9%. The number of active SMEs increased by 400 thousand, amounting to 1.3 million, and the number of people employed in SMEs increased by 300 thousand and amounted to 3.3 million people. As a result of the implementation of the program, more than 16 thousand SMEs were funded, more than 100 thousand entrepreneurs were trained, products worth 15.5 trillion tenge were produced, taxes worth about 1 trillion tenge were paid.

The head of the government noted that the Business Roadmap 2020 has proved its effectiveness. Since 2010, as a result of its implementation, more than 342 thousand jobs were saved and over 94 thousand new jobs were created.

 

What's New in Business Road Map 2025

In turn, the draft State Program "Business Roadmap-2025" provides for identical goals and objectives, but the support tools are improved. So, the amount of loans for working capital increases from 60 to 360 million tenge, 421 billion tenge is allocated to the next stage of the program, which is 1.5 times more than the funding for the previous five years.

After the implementation of the new state program, it is expected:

  • to increase in the share of SMEs in GDP by at least 35%,
  • to bring the share of manufacturing in the structure of GDP to at least 13.4%,
  • to increase tax revenues from program participants by at least 2 times compared to the final level of implementation of Business Road Map 2020,
  • to create 30 thousand new jobs through the Program participants.

Thus, over one third of the economy will be accounted for by SMEs already in 2025, and by 2050, SMEs will already account for half of GDP.

The prime minister instructed the Ministry of National Economy by the end of November 2019 to ensure the adoption of the Business Roadmap 2025, by the end of 2019 to ensure the adoption of the necessary regulatory legal acts, together with Atameken NCE and JSC Damu to conduct information- explanatory work among entrepreneurs about the approaches and opportunities of the new program.

 

Improving Quality of Life: What is Village Modernization Offered by Project “Aul – El Besіgі”

When considering the second question on the implementation of the Aul – El Besigi, the prime minister was informed that currently 7.7 million people live in 6,443 villages, which is 42% of the country's population. In more than half of the villages, road repair is required, a high degree of wear of engineering networks is observed, in most villages repair of educational and health facilities is needed. In this regard, the Ministry of Industry and Infrastructure Development proposes to apply an integrated approach to rural development. For this, rural infrastructure will be modernized as a priority, and rural entrepreneurship will be supported.

At present, 3,477 villages with development potential have been selected, of which 1,150 reference and 2,327 satellite, including 200 border villages. About 6.6 million people or 85% of the rural population live in these villages, the development of which will be a priority.

To implement the project, 900 billion tenge is needed, for which it is planned to implement 1,641 projects in 250 villages. Until 2027, the total funding for the Aul – El Besigi project, together with other state programs aimed at rural development, will exceed 2 trillion tenge, and the number of projects will exceed 30 thousand.

As Mamin noted, within the framework of the project, within 7 years it is expected to improve the quality of life of about 7 million villagers through the modernization of village infrastructure, construction and repair of more than 7 thousand km. roads and intra-village streets, life-support engineering networks, 100% provision of high-quality drinking water, reconstruction and construction of educational, health, cultural and sports facilities, as well as the creation of 130 thousand new jobs.

The prime minister instructed to make proposals to increase funding for the Aul – El Besigi project, to review the list of supporting and satellite rural settlements by year and the required funding levels, and also to prepare an updated 2020-2026 Aul – El Besigi project by the end of this year.

70% of expenses will be financed from the republican budget. Akimats of the regions were instructed to determine the sources of co-financing of the remaining 30%. In addition, it is necessary to attract extrabudgetary funds for the implementation of projects, prepare the necessary documentation and develop Economic Development Plans for each satellite and satellite village.

 

What Bills to be Developed by Government in 2020?

On the third issue, the head of government was informed that the draft Plan of Government’s Legislative Work for 2020 was developed taking into account the strategic objectives of the First President – Elbasy Nursultan Nazarbayev and instructions of the Head of State Kassym-Jomart Tokayev. The document provides for the development of 16 bills, which are aimed at further development of the sphere of social security, physical education and sports, control of specific goods, housing relations of employees of special state bodies and military personnel, visual information, etc. Of the 16 bills stipulated by the draft Plan in the first half of 2020, it is planned submit to Parliament 4, and in the second half of the year – 12 bills.

In the coming year, it is planned to develop two new draft laws. These are bills “On the Control of Specific Goods” and “On the Plants.”

According to the prime minister, the planned bills are aimed at improving legal relations in areas important for the population.

“The Ministry of Justice, together with sectoral state bodies, needs to pay special attention to the quality of introduced bills,” Mamin said.

The draft Plan of Legislative Work of the Government approved by the Cabinet of Ministers for 2020 will be sent for approval to the Head of State.

On the sidelines of the Government, the Minister of Healthcare Yelzhan Birtanov spoke about measures being taken to assist children born with a term of less than 37 full weeks.

“With premature babies, the situation is difficult always and everywhere, including in other countries of the world. Since premature babies are children with severe developmental pathologies and, as a rule, with a high risk of diseases. Therefore, to provide high-quality assistance to premature babies, we are now working with non-governmental organizations to develop a program to strengthen this service, including the development of a follow-up center for assisting premature babies in all regions,” said Birtanov.

The minister of healthcare emphasized that the order has already been given; now the methodology for providing special assistance is at the approval stage. In addition, requirements are being developed for medical organizations where appropriate centers will be organized.

The Minister of Industry and Infrastructure Development Beibut Atamkulov spoke about the development of the textile industry, emphasizing the appropriate level of quality of clothing produced in Kazakhstan. According to him, today Kazakhstan produces high-quality clothing that is in no way inferior to foreign competitors.

“We have a lot of good designers and manufacturers of domestic products. I worked in the south of Kazakhstan and was simply amazed at the quality. First of all, I was surprised at the prices that were there. In Shymkent, I purchased a conveyor suit. Several enterprises are sewing here, prices are different. It all depends on the fabric, the lining and the tailor. We have good quality products in Kazakhstan,” Atamkulov said.


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