Official Source of the
Prime Minister of the
Republic of Kazakhstan
Close button

Introduction of water-saving irrigation technologies to reduce water consumption and increase yields – Saparkhan Omarov

Tuesday, 22 December 2020, 11:48:43

At the government session chaired by Prime Minister Askar Mamin, issues of water resources use were considered. Minister of Agriculture Saparkhan Omarov presented his report.

The growing season of this year was difficult, said the head of the agricultural department. According to him, this is evidenced by the numerous appeals of agricultural producers in the southern regions regarding the lack of water.

Thanks to the measures taken by the Government and the well-coordinated work of akimats, the harvest was carried out without significant losses.

As Saparkhan Kesikbayevich noted, one of the important tasks is the rational and economical use of irrigation water on irrigated lands.

“So, according to the data of akimats, the area under crops in 2020 on irrigated lands amounted to 1.4 million hectares. More than 1.1 million hectares or 79% falls on the surface method of irrigation of crops. 104 thousand hectares are mainly rice fields, which are irrigated by the method of continuous flooding, and only 200 thousand hectares or 13.8% of the total area is used modern drip or sprinkler irrigation,” said the minister.

A high percentage of the use of moisture-saving technologies is observed in Pavlodar, Karaganda, Akmola regions. This confirms the thesis of the Ministry of Ecology about the potential for the development of irrigated agriculture in the northern regions.

Saparkhan Omarov dwelled on the structure of the sown areas of irrigated lands.

Thus, according to statistics, oilseeds, grains, fodder crops, vegetables and melons, cotton, potatoes, rice, and sugar beets are currently cultivated on irrigated lands. The main share is occupied by such rainfed crops as wheat and barley, as well as monocultures – cotton and rice.

Within the framework of the signed memorandums between the Ministry of Agriculture and the regional akimats, work is being carried out to diversify the sown areas of agricultural crops by reducing the share of water-intensive and monocultures, as well as increasing the area of ​​highly profitable alternative crops.

According to the minister, this year the area of ​​cotton was 126 thousand hectares, which is 8.6 thousand hectares less than in 2017.

A slight change is observed in rice: compared to 2017, the area has been reduced by only 700 hectares.

According to him, the main reason for not reaching the indicators is that the memorandum is of a recommendatory nature and does not apply to documents of the State Planning System.

To resolve this issue, the Ministry of Agriculture has amended the sectoral Law "On State Regulation of the Development of the Agro-Industrial Complex and Rural Areas" in terms of including in the competence of the authorized and local executive bodies the norms for concluding an agreement (memorandum) on the diversification of the structure of sown areas of agricultural crops. Also, indicative indicators for the sown areas of demanded crops have been introduced into the State Program of AIC. This will increase the responsibility of regional akimats to achieve the indicators of the memorandums.

According to Omarov, the main reasons for the low rates of diversification on the part of agricultural producers are:

  • the ‘’social” component of crops;
  • lack of competence in cultivating other cultures and established sales markets;
  • soil salinity;
  • the current system of machines and the need to acquire new tools and other crops;
  • the low cost of water does not stimulate the purchase of water-saving technologies.

As the head of the Ministry of Agriculture explained, the work on diversification of cultivated areas will be coordinated on an ongoing basis, in this regard, the akimats should intensify work in this direction.

At the same time, it should be noted that the indicator for reducing the area of ​​rice in the Kyzylorda region has not been met. So, according to the memorandum, the rice sowing area in the Kyzylorda region in 2020 was supposed to be 75 thousand hectares, but the actual sowing area was 89 thousand hectares, that is, the excess of the indicative indicators is more than 14 thousand hectares.

A similar situation is observed in the Almaty and Turkistan regions, where the excess is more than 500 hectares and 2.3 thousand hectares, respectively.

Also, in the Turkistan region, the indicator on the reduction of the cotton area has not been met. So, in the current year the actual area of ​​cotton has exceeded the area provided for in the memorandum by 16 thousand hectares.

In Kyzylorda and Turkistan regions, the indicator for the reduction of wheat area has not been fulfilled either. The wheat sown area in the Kyzylorda region this year has doubled the area provided for in the memorandum.

A similar situation is in the Turkistan region, where the actual area annually exceeds the indicative indicators of the memorandum. Here the example of the Almaty region is indicative, where wheat areas have been reduced by 11 thousand hectares, thereby fulfilling the indicators of the memorandum.

In order to stimulate farmers to use modern moisture-saving technologies, the ministry provides state support in the form of investment subsidies, which provides for reimbursement of 50% of the costs incurred for the purchase of modern irrigation systems, as well as the installation of all necessary infrastructure.

Farmers are trained and knowledge disseminated, including through a network of demonstration farms created with the American company Valmont.

The minister noted that the draft of the new State Program for Water Resources Management until 2030 provides for an indicator to increase the area where water-saving technologies are used to 750 thousand hectares.

The full-scale introduction of water-saving irrigation technologies will allow rational use of irrigated lands with a decrease in water consumption and an increase in productivity.

Taking into account the need to bring the area of ​​irrigated land to 3 million hectares, the Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Kazakhstan in 2018 developed a forecast structure of sown areas. This structure was brought to the regional akimats for implementation.

“In the specified forecast structure of agricultural crops, it is expected that the share of such water-intensive crops as rice to 75 thousand hectares and cotton to 100 thousand hectares is expected. It is also planned to reduce grain crops in the structure of crops in 2030 to 50 thousand hectares, and irrigation of grain is provided in the northern region in the fodder crop rotation,” Omarov reported.

According to him, the correct use of irrigated land will allow to fulfill the tasks set by the Head of State for the transition to the production of highly profitable crops, import substitution and for the gradual increase of the area of ​​irrigated land to 3 million hectares by 2030.

News feed
02 March 2021, 11:00
In Kazakhstan, it is planned to double export of products and income of agricultural workers in five years
02 March 2021, 10:37
Kazakhstan takes 39th place in 2020 Ranking of Economic Freedom
02 March 2021, 10:22
Government considers measures to develop primary health care
02 March 2021, 09:38
Askar Mamin: Over 4 trillion tenge of investments planned to be attracted to agro-industrial complex until 2025
01 March 2021, 15:37
Government session to be held March 2 in Ukimet Uyi
01 March 2021, 15:34
Prime Minister of Kazakhstan Askar Mamin meets with Head of Roscosmos Dmitry Rogozin
01 March 2021, 15:14
Review of Kazakhstan’s healthcare system: Results of 2020 and plans for 2021
01 March 2021, 10:07
Yerzhan Birzhanov appointed vice minister of labor and social protection of the population of Kazakhstan
01 March 2021, 08:26
Prime Minister Askar Mamin congratulates people of Kazakhstan on Day of Gratitude
25 February 2021, 13:31
Murat Nurtileu appointed Deputy Head of the Presidential Administration of the Republic of Kazakhstan
25 February 2021, 10:29
Alibek Kuantyrov appointed Vice Minister of National Economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan
25 February 2021, 10:02
Meirzhan Yusupov relieved as Vice Minister of National Economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan
24 February 2021, 18:18
Yeraly Tugzhanov chairs meeting of Interdepartmental Commission on Preventing the Spread of COVID-19
23 February 2021, 10:30
Government considers readiness for flood period
23 February 2021, 10:00
It is planned to build 17 million square meters of housing in 2021 in Kazakhstan
23 February 2021, 09:30
Government, National Bank and Agency for Regulation and Development of Financial Market sign Agreement on Coordination of Macroeconomic Policy
22 February 2021, 22:43
Healthcare, employment and social support — socio-economic development of Nur-Sultan in 2020
22 February 2021, 17:02
Government session to be held Feb. 23 in Ukimet Uyi
17 February 2021, 16:55
Prime Minister Askar Mamin inspects development projects in Shymkent and Turkistan
16 February 2021, 21:49
Prime Minister of Kazakhstan Askar Mamin holds telephone conversation with Prime Minister of the Russian Federation Mikhail Mishustin
16 February 2021, 12:24
Ministry of Finance: Plans for local budget revenues exceeded in all regions of the republic
16 February 2021, 12:01
Path of Change: Decent Life for Everyone: Government approves Roadmap for Implementation of Nur Otan Party's Pre-Election Program
16 February 2021, 11:45
Small and medium-sized businesses are main source of job creation and increasing incomes of the population — Aset Irgaliyev
16 February 2021, 11:23
87% of withdrawn savings to be used by citizens to solve housing issues — National Bank of Kazakhstan
16 February 2021, 11:04
Timur Zhaksylykov appointed first vice minister of national economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan
16 February 2021, 10:13
In January 2020, basic sectors of Kazakhstan’s economy retained their growth dynamics
15 February 2021, 22:07
Government session to be held Feb. 16 in Ukimet Uyi
13 February 2021, 10:23
Business representatives can participate in PPP projects by investing 20% ​​from their own funds — Tursynbaev
12 February 2021, 13:38
Prime Minister of Kazakhstan Askar Mamin presents Roadmap for Implementation of Pre-Election Program of Nur Otan Party
11 February 2021, 19:02
Maintaining position of grain nation, focus on import substitution and possibilities of agro-industrial complex — results of last year and plans for 2021
11 February 2021, 02:34
Social payments for period of emergency by the end of 2020 assigned to more than 4.6 million people
09 February 2021, 17:25
Askar Mamin chaired a meeting of Project Office on Entrepreneurship
09 February 2021, 11:08
System of auctions made it possible to achieve significant reduction in prices for green economy — Ministry of Energy
09 February 2021, 09:55
Systemic work on development of renewable energy is needed — Askar Mamin
09 February 2021, 09:31
Over 700 thousand business entities in Kazakhstan received tax incentives
08 February 2021, 23:55
Housing construction in Kazakhstan in 2020: Trends and features
08 February 2021, 20:08
Government session to be held Feb. 9 in Ukimet Uyi
07 February 2021, 00:20
Growth in industry, employment and modernization of healthcare system — how economy of Almaty developed during pandemic
05 February 2021, 15:57
Askar Mamin: Priorities of Kazakhstan's chairmanship in EAEU take into account challenges and opportunities in the new conditions
05 February 2021, 15:16
Annual Digital Almaty forum: How heads of government discussed digital transformation
05 February 2021, 11:51
Kazakhstan took 29th place in the UN rating on e-government development
04 February 2021, 22:00
Common economic space, time limits and mutual trade — new opportunities for citizens and business within EAEU
04 February 2021, 19:36
Prime Minister of Kazakhstan Askar Mamin held talks with Prime Minister of the Russian Federation Mikhail Mishustin
04 February 2021, 16:28
Askar Mamin chairs meeting on development of Almaty region
04 February 2021, 15:46
Askar Mamin instructs to timely and efficiently implement development projects in Almaty
03 February 2021, 11:05
Nariman Zhunussov appointed chair of Fisheries Committee of Ministry of Ecology, Geology and Natural Resources
03 February 2021, 10:51
Shavkhat Utemisov appointed chief of staff of the Ministry of Ecology, Geology and Natural Resources
03 February 2021, 10:21
Askar Tynysbekov appointed chair of the Committee for Consumer Protection of the Ministry of Trade and Integration
02 February 2021, 23:41
Infrastructure development, introduction of digital technologies and support for SMEs — development of Shymkent for 2020
02 February 2021, 11:15
Government considers measures to implement decisions of Supreme Council for Reforms
© 2019 - 2020 Press service of the Prime Minister of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Developed by SoftDeCo.