Activity of 31 enterprises suspended for violations of environmental legislation in Kazakhstan

The construction of a new waste dump of Kazphosphate LLP and the enrichment plant of Kazakhmys LLP has been suspended in court, among the major enterprises also Ferum Fluor LLP, Shymkent Temir and others. This was announced at the Government session by Minister of Ecology and Natural Resources Yerlan Nysanbayev. 

According to the results of 2023 in Kazakhstan managed to achieve a reduction in standards for emissions by 3.3% and discharges by 8%. The largest reduction in emission limits is noted for such enterprises as:

  • NKOC by 12.4 thousand tons/year or 34%; 
  • "ArcelorMittal Temirtau by 40,000 tons/year or 16%; 
  • Astana Energy JSC by 14.6 thousand tons/year or 22%;
  • Kazakhmys Smelting LLP Balkhash smelter by 14.1 thousand tons/year or 18%. 

"Inspection services in 2023 conducted 652 inspections of compliance with environmental legislation. They identified 1,679 violations, for which they issued 628 prescriptions for their elimination. 2138 administrative fines totaling 322.9 billion tenge were imposed. Of these, 1,834 fines totaling 11.3 billion tenge were collected. Fines amounting to 311.6 billion tenge are in the process of execution," Nysanbayev said. 

The largest fines for discharging pollutants without an environmental permit were collected from Karabatan Utility Solutions LLP - 7.2 billion tenge and TengizChevroil - 2.8 billion tenge. The largest fines among the regions are as follows:

  • East Kazakhstan region - 2.6 billion tenge; 
  • Kyzylorda region - 681.8 mln tenge; 
  • Abay region - 677.5 mln tenge;
  • Aktobe region - 133.8 mln tenge.

"In general, many fines are imposed for excessive and unauthorized emissions," the Minister emphasized. 

To improve the environmental situation, large enterprises annually develop plans for environmental protection measures, under which a number of measures are envisaged. This is the reconstruction of all four sulfuric acid shops of Kazzinc LLP until 2025, which will reduce the volume of sulfur dioxide emissions by 20%, or 3.7 thousand tons per year. 

In Zhezkazgan and Balkhash, Kazakhmys Smelting LLP's metallurgical plants are expected to reduce emissions by 50% by the end of 2025. This will happen due to the launch of a sulphuric acid shop. Also, ERG group of companies plans to invest 228 billion tenge in the next 10 years, aimed at reducing particulate emissions by 56%, discharges by 30%, water consumption by 33%, processing and sale of secondary materials up to 2 million tons. 

The Ministry together with the public, eco-activists, local executive bodies and nature users considered environmental problems of the regions. To solve them, 18 road maps were developed, under which 336 measures were envisaged for 2020-2023. Of these, 205 or 61% have been implemented:

  • in 2020-2021 - 111 of 178 (62%);
  • 2022 - 44 out of 81 (54%);
  • 2023 - 50 out of 77 (65%). 

As part of the implementation of roadmaps for 2023, among the lagging regions are Mangystau region, Pavlodar region, Akmola region and Ulytau region, where the percentage of implementation of measures is below 50%. Among the most important but unimplemented activities in Akmola region are the reclamation of tailings dam maps of Stepnogorsk Mining and Chemical Combine LLP and modernization of sewage treatment facilities in Kokshetau and Stepnogorsk. In Pavlodar region, EuroAsian Energy Corporation JSC did not carry out repair works of dust and gas treatment plants. In Mangistau region - the elimination of radioactive foci on the territory of chemical-hydrometallurgical plant has not been performed. Also among the unfulfilled tasks - the beginning of the second phase of reconstruction of sewage treatment facilities No. 2 with biological treatment of wastewater in the city of Aktau, construction and installation of a boiler unit of KazakhmysEnergy LLP in the region of Ulytau. 

"In order to control industrial emissions of the largest enterprises of 1 category, work is being done to install an automated monitoring system. The introduction of the ACM system will allow online monitoring of the impact of natural resource users on the environment, promptly respond and take measures of state control. All received data will be accumulated in the information system "National Data Bank on the state of the environment and natural resources," the head of the agency said.

91 enterprises will install this system by the end of 2024. To date, 39 enterprises have implemented ACM, of which the systems are already transmitting data at 9 production facilities.

"Since this year, the Ministry in carrying out state environmental control emphasized the installation and data transfer of automated monitoring systems. In case of non-compliance with the requirements of the legislation will be applied measures of administrative nature," the Minister warned.

Kazakhstani enterprises will start to switch to comprehensive environmental permits in 2025. Unlike conventional permits, they are issued not only to determine emission standards, but also to introduce the best available technologies. As part of the reform, a comprehensive technological audit has been completed at 96 enterprises in key industries and 16 BAT guides have been approved.

It is expected that the transition of 50 large enterprises to comprehensive environmental permits will reduce annual emissions by more than 900,000 tons per year. Companies that have implemented BAT will be exempted from emissions fees for 10 years. In general, the rates for harmful emissions will be gradually increased every three years, starting from 2025. According to the minister, this measure will become one of the incentive mechanisms for the transition to integrated environmental permitting and implementation of BAT.

"Spending money on modernization and introduction of BAT will contribute to the improvement of the environment and public health. The analysis shows the presence of violations of environmental legislation on the part of enterprises, as well as weak rates of fulfillment of their commitments to improve the environmental component at production facilities. State control over compliance with environmental requirements is one of the key issues today," Nysanbayev summarized.

#Agroindustrial complex #Serik Zhumangarin

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