At the meeting with the heads of vocational education institutions of Almaty, the issues of a new model of personnel training through the centers of competence, as well as improving the training conditions for college students were discussed.
The Prime Minister drew attention to the need to improve the quality of training in the conditions of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. The Head of State set the task of accelerated modernization of the entire economy of Kazakhstan. At the same time, taking into account the introduction of new technologies, the issue of retraining existing personnel is topical. Education becomes a continuous process that requires not only continuous improvement of skills, but also the acquisition of a completely new specialization that is in demand in the labor market and within a particular region.
Human capital comes out on top. In this regard, it is critical to create competence centers that provide the necessary skills in all regions. At the same time, great attention should be paid to equipping these centers. This will allow to produce specialists as close as possible to modern realities. Moreover, for the convenience of citizens and greater efficiency of the retraining system, information on the fields of activity demanded in the region, the professions, the needs of large enterprises in a particular specialty should be in the public domain.
To date, the Government is carrying out comprehensive personnel training work. According to the Ministry of Education and Science, in Kazakhstan there are 821 vocational schools, training is conducted in 213 specialties and 693 qualifications. Dual training is being implemented in 486 colleges, 3,993 enterprises participate in the system, covering about 40 thousand students. At the same time, the employment level among graduates exceeds 92%. Within the framework of dual education, an agreement was signed with the German Ministry of Labor on cooperation in the modernization of vocational education.
Sagintayev told those present that it is important to focus on international standards in training competent specialists, this will increase the competitiveness of graduates. Thus, using the example of the WorldSkills Republican Championship held in Astana, it can be seen that Kazakhstani youths have great potential, a desire to learn and master the most advanced technologies and skills. However, in order to systematically address issues of staffing in the country, attention should be paid to the interaction between educational institutions and employers.
During the discussion, representatives of the education system spoke on topical issues of training.
Thus, Chairman of the Board of JSC Kasipkor Holding Y. Kuzenbayev told the meeting participants about conceptual approaches to changing vocational staff training. In his opinion, one of the main measures to modernize the system of technical and vocational education is the creation of Competence Centers. This measure makes it possible to solve several main areas of training modernization at the same time: this is the mobility of organizations and the improvement of the quality of individual development programs.
Head of the KNAUF Training Center O. Sotnikov said that the company, as part of its activities, pays great attention to educational projects for the training of personnel for the construction industry, owning new construction technologies. Thus, more than 14 thousand students were trained in the centers created at the plant's production base.
In his speech, the director of the Almaty College of Construction and Folk Crafts K. Zhamanozov outlined the importance of teacher status and the issue of pay. In fact, the wages of educators, including teachers and masters of vocational training for colleges, are directly related to the base salary. In this direction, the work carried out within the framework of the Head of State’s Address to increase the income level of the population is important.
The master of industrial training of the Almaty State College of Energy and Electronic Technologies K. Abeldinov emphasized that the WorldSkills Kazakhstan movement plays an important role in the formation of a specialist of a new formation at the international level. According to the master in Kazakhstan, it is necessary to develop this area further, to engage in more in-depth training of young specialists and to reach the international level.
Deputy Director for Educational Work of the Almaty College of Tourism and Hospitality I. Anayatova raised the issues of improving practice-oriented learning and business promotion under per capita funding. She says that the a system of per capita financing of the vocational training takes into account all the costs of organizing and implementing theoretical and practical parts, as well as creating an appropriate educational environment.
In addition, the meeting participants raised issues of accreditation of vocational education organizations, the development of student support measures, including through an increase in grants in the engineering area and the provision of dormitories.
The discussion was also attended by the Minister of Education and Science Yerlan Sagadiyev and Deputy Chairman of the Board of the Atameken National Chamber of Entrepreneurs Eldar Zhumagaziyev.
Summing up the meeting, Prime Minister Sagintayev noted that the Government is constantly considering the issue of technical training. At the same time, by joint efforts of the state and business it is necessary to rebuild the vocational education system in order to train highly qualified personnel and reduce the share of foreign labor in the enterprises of the country. Along with this, special attention was paid to the further development of WorldSkills movement in Kazakhstan. Successful participation of the Kazakhstan team in the international championships will allow to declare the country to the whole world, thereby attracting foreign investors.
Acquaintance with measures taken in the city to improve the quality of training future personnel continued during a visit to a number of educational infrastructure facilities: the Kazakhstan School of Intelligence, the Almaty Construction and Technical College, the International University of Information Technologies.
In the Kazakhstan Intelligence School, Sagintayev examined the classrooms, reading zones, sports and assembly halls. Deputy Akim of the city A. Kyrykbaev said that the school is working under the International Baccalaureate program. Thus, graduates of this institution have a 15% advantage when they enroll in the best universities in the world and can be accepted immediately to the second course of study. It should be noted that the founder is the Gateway company, headquartered in Singapore, with regional offices in 15 countries in 5 continents of the world. Along with the school, the company in Almaty also opened an early development center and a secondary school. According to the city akimat, construction is included in 50 projects-drivers for the development of Almaty within the framework of the Head of State’s Address.
The Prime Minister was also briefed on the progress in the fulfillment of the President’s instructions to increase the level of income of the population, in particular the education system. According to the Almaty Akimat, since early 2018, almost 70% of Almaty teachers who switched to the updated content of education received a 30% salary increase. In turn, from September 1, for the first time, 1,293 teachers who passed the national qualification testing received a salary supplement of 30 to 50%. In addition, support measures are provided for teachers who teach in English. So, the second year for teachers of schools who teach physics, chemistry, biology and computer science in English is set a surcharge of 200% of the salary.
On the example of the work of the Building Technical College Almaty, the Prime Minister got acquainted with the quality of knowledge and skills in working specialties. Here, attention was paid to the technical equipment of the building with special technologies for dry construction, welding, technical maintenance of road transport, furniture manufacturing, electrical and plumbing works, and occupational safety. Today the college trains 1042 students in seven specialties. The college also introduced a dual system and modular learning technology. According to the director of the college I. Nurmukhanbetov, thanks to close cooperation with more than 100 organizations and enterprises, a 100% graduates employment rate will be achieved.
It should be noted that for training, retraining and advanced training of specialists an industry cluster is organized at the college, which consists of four resource centers: BTCA - Knauf Gyps Kapshagay, BTCA - Bosch Power Tools, as well as centers of furniture production and welding.
Sagintayev got acquainted with the quality of higher education during a visit to the International University of Information Technologies, which was established on the instructions of the Head of State to train international IT specialists. To date, in the national rating of the Independent Agency for Quality Assurance in Education, this university is ranked I in the specialties Computing Engineering and Software and Information Systems.
The university rector D. Shynybekov reported that in total, 4,154 students of all levels had been trained since 2009, with about 70% based on the state educational grant. The teaching staff is represented by doctors and candidates of sciences, PhD, graduates of the Bolashak program and foreign teachers. Along with this, the university actively cooperates with the flagships of education in Asia, Europe and the USA. Today, the students are winners of international case-championships and winners of numerous innovative competitions and contests: Zhastar Innovation, TG Fair, Kazakhtelecom Hackathon, Nurintech, etc.
The Prime Minister was also informed that in order to create a comfortable learning environment, the construction of 2 dormitories for 1,000 beds and the modernization of the dormitory for 200 beds were completed. In addition, by the end of 2020, the akimat plans to build and put into operation 40 hostels in 27 universities for 21,080 places.
In the system of technical and vocational education of the city of Almaty, there are 81 colleges with a coverage of 66,120 people, including 23,459 students in state and 42,661 students in private colleges. There are 98 specialties and 163 qualifications. As part of the Program for the Development of Productive Employment and Mass Entrepreneurship for 2017–2021, 4,897 people study in 26 vocational schools of the city (348 educational institutions in Kazakhstan, 36,356 people study).
Today in Almaty there are 39 universities with 145 thousand people. Of these, seven national and one state, in which 66.8 thousand students study. All other 31 universities are private, with 78.2 thousand people. About 130 thousand students study in the city, 12.3 thousand undergraduates and 2.7 thousand doctoral students. The share of Almaty in educational grants for the 2018-2019 school year is 40% of the total number in the country – the leader. Today, the number of students enrolled in a state grant is 28 thousand (an increase of 55% or 10 thousand people), of which undergraduate – 22 thousand broken down into the following areas: humanitarian sciences – 10 thousand and technical specialties – 12 thousand master programs – 4.7 thousand and doctoral studies – 1.2 thousand.
During the years of independence, 117 educational institutions have been built in Almaty. Over the past five years, funding for education in the city has increased by 37% or nearly 27 billion tenge. At the same time, special attention is paid today to the development of educational infrastructure. This year alone, more than 17 billion tenge was allocated for construction and overhaul.
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