The existing system of technical regulation infrastructure consists of four main areas: technical regulation and standardization; metrology; accreditation and conformity assessment; state control.
As Zhenis Kassymbek reported, the system will be improved in two stages:
- In 2018, measures will be taken to adopt and implement the new law "On Standardization" and other amendments to the legislation on the activation and improvement of work in the field of metrology and accreditation.
- Improvement of the system of conformity assessment and state control in 2018-2020.
Today, in the issues of standardization, business is faced with the problem of paper provision of many documents, refuses to participate in standardization processes. In this regard, a draft law "On Standardization" has been developed, within which a single operator of standardization processes will be defined, working through automated systems — the National Standardization Body. The central role in the new approach will be given to technical committees for standardization — dialogue platforms for the discussion of national standards on the “state-business-consumer” principle.
"With the adoption of the law, the business climate will be improved in terms of creating conditions for the initiative development of standards, as well as simplification of the application of foreign standards in the territory of Kazakhstan," said Zhenis Kassymbek.
The Ministry for Investments and Development is also working in the field of metrology. Changes to the law "On accreditation in the field of conformity assessment" are aimed at improving the accreditation system and strengthening the responsibility of the subjects of this field.
Amendments to the law provide for the transition from calibration of standards and measuring instruments to calibration and the introduction of a new approach to state metrological control.
The principles of Good Laboratory Practice (GLP) of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), which are intended for testing, are important. So in 2018-2019, a joint Roadmap will be developed, after the implementation of which, the results of testing of Kazakhstan laboratories will be recognized in OECD countries.
It should be noted that the GLP covers the activities:
- Ministry of Health in terms of medicines and food additives;
- Ministry of Energy — assessment of the safety of the impact of chemicals on the environment;
- Ministry of Agriculture — feed additives, veterinary drugs and pesticides;
- Ministry for Investments and Development — industrial chemicals and cosmetic products.
The second stage of improving the system of technical regulation is aimed at solving problematic issues, such as reducing mutual trust in the results of certification tests and avoiding importers from passing certification through the customs procedure "conditional release of goods." The work has already begun.
In the field of state control, the ministry proposes the differentiation of the powers of state bodies in order to improve the effectiveness of the measures taken. The relevant changes will be worked out in detail together with the Atameken NCE and relevant agencies.
Speaking about digitalization and automation of the system of technical regulation, Zhenis Kassymbek noted that work is currently underway to transfer information to the Eurasian Economic Commission on certificates and declarations of compliance.
In the end, the minister noted that work will be carried out to create a unified information system E-KTRM, which will automate and integrate all processes, both within Kazakhstan and within the framework of the EAEU.
The First Vice Minister of Agriculture A. Yevniev, the Minister of Healthcare Y. Birtanov reported on the work in this direction, as well as the chairman of the board of Atameken NCE, A.Myrzakhmetov, and THE First Deputy Prime Minister A. Mamin made comments on the issue.
Control over the implementation of measures to improve the technical regulation system is assigned to the First Deputy Prime Minister A. Mamin.